Nouns and Articles

Nouns

Nouns are a category of words which embodies all words that represent things; abstract or physical. Examples are: places, actions, ideas, qualities, states, living creatures etc.

In Norwegian nouns are categorized into three genders; masculine, feminine and neuter, as opposed to English's zero. They can also be declined in number and definiteness.

Examples

gutt, skilt, planke, skaft

Forms of Nouns

Indefinite article

«An indefinite article indicates that its noun is not a particular one (or ones) identifiable to the listener.» (Wikipedia) In english this is «a» or «an» in singular and «some» in plural.

Definite article

«A definite article indicates that its noun is a particular one (or ones) identifiable to the listener.»(Wikipedia) In english this is: «the» and does not change in number.

A little quirky feature with our articles is that in Norwegian some are added as an ending instead of placing them in front:

Indefinite Definite
S P S P
m en -er -en -ene
f ei -a
n et -# -et

How to determine gender

Determining gender is in general hard, and in most cases there doesn't exist any rules that govern which gender a Norwegian word has. However there are some rules, or patterns, that are worth learning. Here are the most useful:

Ending Comment G Example
-het, -sjon, -else f skjønnhet (beauty)
-er When denoting persons m baker (baker)
-log, -graf, -or, -iør m fotograf (photographer
-ing When made from a verb f krangling (arguing)
-ment Most commonly... n element (element)
-em, -gram, -um Loanwords n problem (problem)